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Fact Sheet of Chile


Official name Republic of Chile
Head of State/Government Dr. Michelle Bachelet (2014-2018)
Minister for External Relations Mr. Heraldo Muñoz Valenzuela
Capital Santiago of Chile (6.03 million people)
Population 17.24 million
Growth rate 1.2%
Birth rate 18 per thousand
Death rate 6 per thousand
Area 756,629 Square kms. (Excluding territorial claim in Antarctica).
Other major cities Valparaiso (major sea port), Arica, Iquique, Antofagasta, Temuco, Puerto Montt, Punta Arenas and Concepción.
Official language Spanish
Life expectancy 77.4 years
Literacy 95.5%
Administrative division 13 Regions
Major natural resources Minerals: Copper, Molybdenum, Gold, Rhenium, Iron, Nitrates, Sulphur, Salt, Lithium, and Coal. Others : Sea-food, timber, and wood.
Principal crops Grapes, wheat, corn, barley, rice, potatoes, fruits, beans, sunflower, and sugarbeet.
Economy GDP growth rate = -1.0% (2009); 6.1% (2010); 6.0% (2011); 5.6% (2012); and 4.0% (2013)
Inflation -1.4% (2009); 3.0% (2010); 4.4% (2011); 5.6% (2012); 3.0% (2013)
External debt US$ 99.446 billion (2011)
Major trading partners China, USA, Brazil, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Mexico, Peru, Spain and Ecuador.


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