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Fact Sheet India

 

Fact Sheet India

 

Official name Republic of India
National Anthem Jana Gana Mana, composed by eminent poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore
National Emblem A uni-dimensional adaptation of the Sarnath Lion from the Emperor Ashok era with 4 lions, bell-shaped lotus, inscribed below the words "Satyameva Jayate" - "Truth Alone Triumphs" in the Devnagari script.
National Flag India’s flag is a horizontal tricolour with deep saffron above, white in the middle and dark green below, in equal proportion. The saffron signifies the spirit of sacrifice; the white represents purity and the green fertility. In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel with 24 spokes, signifying progress. The width to length ratio of the flag is two to three.)
National Calendar Based on the Saka Era with Chaitra as its first month and a normal year of 365 days, the national calendar has a permanent correspondence with the Gregorian calendar with 1st Chaitra falling on 22nd March (21st March in leap years).
Structure of the state Union of 29 states and 7 Union territories with the Central Government based in New Delhi.
Political System Multi-party Parliamentary democracy, based on Universal Adult Franchise.
Parliament Bicameral legislature, with the Upper House known as the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the Lower House known as the Lok Sabha (Council of the People).
Last Elections April-May 2014
Current Government Formed by National Democratic Alliance (NDA) led by Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).
Head of State President H.E. Mr. Pranab Mukherjee (http://presidentofindia.nic.in)
Head of Government Prime Minister H.E. Mr. Narendra Modi (http://pmindia.nic.in)
Indian Standard Time IST is equal to GMT + 5 hours and 30 minutes.
Area 3.29 million square kilometers
Climate Varied continental climate. Spring from March-April, summer from May-October, winter from November-February. Tropical monsoon from June-August, and post-monsoon or north-east monsoon season (October-December). Most of the rainfall is brought by the south-west monsoon. Owing to the geographical diversity of India, regional climatic conditions in the extreme north, east and west can be different.
Neighbours India shares borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan to the north-west, China, Nepal and Bhutan to the north, Myanmar and Bangladesh to the east. Sri Lanka is separated from the southernmost tip of India by the narrow Palk Straits and the Gulf of Mannar.
Major cities/towns Almost 32% of India’s 1.21 billion people live in urban centres, the 4 largest being Delhi (16 million), Mumbai (18 million), Kolkata (14 million), and Chennai (8 million). Other cities like Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore, etc are rapidly developing into major centres of commerce and industry.
Population 1.21 billion (2011 census); Current growth rate 1.2% per annum Lifespan: Male 62.3 years, female 65.3 years Death rate: 8.5 per 1000
Languages Hindi is the official language, but English is widely used. In addition, 22 languages are recognized by the Constitution of India. There are about 1,500 dialects.
Literacy 74%
Religions India is a secular country with no State religion. Major religions include Hinduism (82%), Islam (15%), Christianity (2.3%), Sikhism (1.9%), Buddhism (0.8%) and Jainism (0.4%)
Currency Rupee (1 Rupee = 100 paise). In July 2014, one US dollar equals approximately 59.00 rupees.
Fiscal Year 1st April to 31st March

 

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